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Page history last edited by Laura Gibbs 16 years, 3 months ago

 

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Κόραξ ἀετὸν μιμούμενος

The Raven Imitating The Eagle = Perry 2 (English translation: Oxford Aesop 342)

Κόραξ ἀετὸν ἐθεάσατο ἄρνα τῆς ποίμνης ἀφαρπάζοντα καὶ ἠθέλησε δῆθεν τοῦτον ἐκμιμήσασθαι. ἰδὼν δὲ ἐν τῇ ποίμνῃ κριόν, ἐπειράθη τοῦτον ἁρπάσαι. τῶν δὲ ὀνύχων αὐτοῦ τῷ τοῦ κριοῦ συσχεθέντων ἐρίῳ, φθάσας ὁ ποιμήν, καὶ τοῦτον πλήξας, ἀπέκτεινεν.

Οὗτος δηλοῖ ὡς ἀνίσχυρος ἀνήρ, τῷ δυνατωτέρῳ ἑαυτοῦ ἀφομοιοῦσθαι πειρώμενος, οὐ μόνον ἀσθενὴς εἶναι καὶ ἀφελὴς ἀπελέγχεται, ἀλλὰ καὶ κακῶς ἐξ ἀφροσύνης ἀποθνῄσκει.

From Ben Perry’s Aesopica (Urbana IL: 1952).

Segmented text for easier reading:

Κόραξ

ἀετὸν ἐθεάσατο

ἄρνα τῆς ποίμνης ἀφαρπάζοντα

καὶ ἠθέλησε δῆθεν

τοῦτον ἐκμιμήσασθαι.

ἰδὼν δὲ

ἐν τῇ ποίμνῃ

κριόν,

ἐπειράθη τοῦτον ἁρπάσαι.

τῶν δὲ ὀνύχων αὐτοῦ

τῷ τοῦ κριοῦ συσχεθέντων ἐρίῳ,

φθάσας

ὁ ποιμήν,

καὶ

τοῦτον πλήξας,

ἀπέκτεινεν.

Οὗτος δηλοῖ ὡς

ἀνίσχυρος ἀνήρ,

τῷ δυνατωτέρῳ ἑαυτοῦ

ἀφομοιοῦσθαι πειρώμενος,

οὐ μόνον

ἀσθενὴς εἶναι

καὶ ἀφελὴς ἀπελέγχεται,

ἀλλὰ καὶ

κακῶς ἐξ ἀφροσύνης ἀποθνῄσκει.

Grammatical notes and comments:

Κόραξ

ἀετὸν ἐθεάσατο

ἄρνα τῆς ποίμνης ἀφαρπάζοντα

καὶ ἠθέλησε δῆθεν

τοῦτον ἐκμιμήσασθαι.

ἰδὼν δὲ

ἐν τῇ ποίμνῃ

κριόν,

ἐπειράθη τοῦτον ἁρπάσαι.

τῶν δὲ ὀνύχων αὐτοῦ

  • τῷ τοῦ κριοῦ συσχεθέντων ἐρίῳ, - notice how τῷ ... ἐρίῳ wraps around the participle phrase (from συνέχω)

φθάσας

ὁ ποιμήν,

  • καὶ - this word is used to coordinate the two participles, φθάσας and πλήξας

τοῦτον πλήξας,

ἀπέκτεινεν.

 

Οὗτος δηλοῖ ὡς

ἀνίσχυρος ἀνήρ,

  • τῷ δυνατωτέρῳ ἑαυτοῦ - genitive of comparison

ἀφομοιοῦσθαι πειρώμενος,

οὐ μόνον

ἀσθενὴς εἶναι

καὶ ἀφελὴς ἀπελέγχεται,

ἀλλὰ καὶ

κακῶς ἐξ ἀφροσύνης ἀποθνῄσκει.

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