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syntipas16

Page history last edited by Laura Gibbs 12 years, 1 month ago

 

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Κύων καὶ χαλκεῖς

The Dog and the Blacksmiths = Perry 415 (English translation: Oxford Aesop 380)

Ἦν τις κύων χαλκέων τινῶν ἐν οἰκίᾳ διάγων. κἀκείνων μὲν ἐργαζομένων οὗτος εἰς ὕπνον ἐτρέπετο, εἰς ἑστίασιν δὲ καθεζομένων ἐγίνετο ἔξυπνος καὶ τοῖς ἑαυτοῦ κυρίοις χαριέντως προσεπέλαζεν. οἱ δὲ πρὸς αὐτὸν ἔλεγον “πῶς τῷ μὲν ψόφῳ τῶν βαρυτάτων σφυρῶν οὐδ’ ὅλως ἐξυπνίζῃ, τῷ δὲ βραχυτάτῳ κρότῳ τῶν μυλοδόντων ταχέως διεγείρῃ;”

Οὗτος δηλοῖ ὡς καὶ ἄνθρωποι ἀνήκοοι, ἐφ’ οἷς δῆθεν ὠφελεῖσθαι καραδοκοῦσι, ταχέως τούτοις καὶ ὑπακούουσιν, ἐν οἷς δ’ ἀπαρέσκονται ἀπαθεῖς πάντῃ καθίστανται.

From Ben Perry’s Aesopica (Urbana IL: 1952).

Segmented text for easier reading:

Ἦν τις κύων

χαλκέων τινῶν ἐν οἰκίᾳ

διάγων.

κἀκείνων μὲν ἐργαζομένων

οὗτος

εἰς ὕπνον ἐτρέπετο,

εἰς ἑστίασιν δὲ καθεζομένων

ἐγίνετο ἔξυπνος

καὶ

τοῖς ἑαυτοῦ κυρίοις

χαριέντως προσεπέλαζεν.

οἱ δὲ

πρὸς αὐτὸν ἔλεγον

“πῶς

τῷ μὲν ψόφῳ τῶν βαρυτάτων σφυρῶν

οὐδ’ ὅλως ἐξυπνίζῃ,

τῷ δὲ βραχυτάτῳ κρότῳ

τῶν μυλοδόντων

ταχέως διεγείρῃ;”

Οὗτος δηλοῖ ὡς

καὶ ἄνθρωποι ἀνήκοοι,

ἐφ’ οἷς δῆθεν

ὠφελεῖσθαι καραδοκοῦσι,

ταχέως τούτοις καὶ ὑπακούουσιν,

ἐν οἷς δ’

ἀπαρέσκονται

ἀπαθεῖς πάντῃ καθίστανται.

Grammatical notes and comments:

Ἦν τις κύων

χαλκέων τινῶν ἐν οἰκίᾳ

διάγων.

  • κἀκείνων μὲν ἐργαζομένων - genitive absolute

οὗτος

εἰς ὕπνον ἐτρέπετο,

  • εἰς ἑστίασιν δὲ καθεζομένων - genitive absolute again, with the subject implied

ἐγίνετο ἔξυπνος

  • καὶ - this word is used to coordinate the two finite verbs, ἐγίνετο and προσεπέλαζεν

τοῖς ἑαυτοῦ κυρίοις

χαριέντως προσεπέλαζεν.

οἱ δὲ

πρὸς αὐτὸν ἔλεγον

“πῶς

τῷ μὲν ψόφῳ τῶν βαρυτάτων σφυρῶν

οὐδ’ ὅλως ἐξυπνίζῃ,

τῷ δὲ βραχυτάτῳ κρότῳ

  • τῶν μυλοδόντων - from μυλόδους, "grinder" (compare μύλος, millstone)
  • ταχέως διεγείρῃ;” - compound of ἐγείρω

Οὗτος δηλοῖ ὡς

  • καὶ ἄνθρωποι ἀνήκοοι, - καὶ is adverbial here, "even inattentive people..."

ἐφ’ οἷς δῆθεν

ὠφελεῖσθαι καραδοκοῦσι,

  • ταχέως τούτοις καὶ ὑπακούουσιν, - καὶ is adverbial here too (they actually do listen up)

ἐν οἷς δ’

ἀπαρέσκονται

  • ἀπαθεῖς πάντῃ καθίστανται. - the adjective ἀπαθεῖς is predicative here with καθίστανται, they prove to be, are, etc.

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